عنوان مقاله [English]
Collusion in government transactions is considered as one of the economic crimes today. The scene of organized activities that design the whole process of committing the crime, gain huge profits while damaging the economy of the country and various areas of quality of government contracts as well as damage to society and government. In line with situational prevention, an effective factor in enhancing the effectiveness of these measures is recognizing the methods of committing this kind of crime. The model approach of crime perpetration, considering dynamics of organized crime perpetration holds that in collusion in government transactions, preparation, empowerment, target selection, perpetration (violence and corruption) or pre- and post- perpetration conditions can identify the manner in which crimes are perpetrated. This type of micro-analysis of organized crime helps to better understand the general knowledge of how to prevent such crime. The micro-approach in this format seems to provide considerable opportunity for the development and application of the five situational prevention techniques and provide significant systematic characterization of the implementation phase. The detection of the type of collusion perpetration in governmental transactions contributes to total identification of this kind of crime and presents preventive solutions in this regard. This study shows that in different stages of governmental transactions, there is a kind of organizational effort and this crime is committed cooperatively in many countries. Therefore; without plotting the stage-based process for governmental transactions, it would be impossible to attain situational prevention in governmental transactions.